Green beans are members of the common bean family, and are a popular part of diets around the world. There are slight variations in the shape in different areas of cultivation and green beans may be called by different names, including French beans, fine beans, string beans, or even squeaky beans, depending on where you are eating them. There are approximately 150 varieties of green beans throughout the world that come in all shapes and colors, even purple! Despite the variable appearance of the beans, their nutritional content and health benefits remain similar.
Green beans are a versatile vegetable that can be grown in many different climates, which has helped to make them such a popular and globally recognized food. They appear in a wide array of cultural dishes and offer health benefits to people all around the world.
- Green beans grow very fast. The length of time from planting to harvesting is only 45 to 60 days. Ideally, they should be grown during the spring and summer months, since the plants cannot tolerate cold temperatures.
- Green beans are among the most popular garden plants in the world.
- Green beans, when eaten raw, are mildly toxic.
- Nutritionally, green beans provide the body with lots of fiber and protein. They are also very low in fat, while containing antioxidants, Vitamins A and C, folate, magnesium and potassium. The combination of these nutrients helps prevent diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
- Each pod contains 4 to 6 beans. Most varieties of green bean have smooth, kidney shaped beans.